A description of each event in the Athletics.
In the Highland Games, the weight throw consists of two separate events, the light weight and the heavy weight. In both cases, the implement consists of a steel or lead weight (usually spherical or cylindrical) attached by a short chain to a metal handle. The handle may be a d-ring, a triangle or a ring. The size of the weight depends on the class of the competition.
For A class and B class athletes the light weight is 28 lb, or two stones & the heavy weight is 56 lb, or four stone , for female athletes, the weights are 14 and 28 lb . For male master class (over 40 in most games) the weights are 28 and 42 lb.
The weight is thrown one-handed from a rectangular (4.5 feet by 9 feet) area behind a toe board or trig. The athlete must stay behind the trig at all times during the throw. The techniques vary, but usually involve a turning or spinning motion to increase momentum before the release(only 1 hand is allowed on the ring or weight during the throw and release)Each athlete gets three attempts, with places determined by the best throw.
Similar to the hammer thrown in present track and field competitions.
In the Scottish Highland Games event, a round metal ball ,resembling a cannonball (weighing 16lb or 22lb for men & 12lb or 16lb for women) is fixed to a shaft about 4 feet in length. The shaft can be made of wood, bamboo, rattan or plastic pvc.
Unlike modern hammer throws in track and field the feet are in a fixed position, the hammer is then rotated about one's head and thrown for distance over the shoulder.
Hammer blades are put on some shoes or boots for the thrower to root himself to the ground to increase leverage. Some throwers just throw in their shoes or cleats. Throws over 100' are reached by top throwers.
Each athlete gets 3 attempts (throws) to get the longest throw.
Weight throws for height, also known as weight over the bar. The athletes attempt to toss a 56-pound weight for A-class and B-class,42 pound for masters and 28 pound for women's class with an attached handle over a horizontal bar using only one hand. Each athlete is allowed three attempts at each height. Successful clearance of the height allows the athlete to advance into the next round at a greater height. The competition is determined by the highest successful toss with fewest misses being used to break tie scores.